Sexually Transmitted Diseases are illnesses
that are transmitted between humans through sexual intimacy. They are
often called STD as an abbreviation, or sometimes referred to as STI
(sexually transmitted infection). A person may be infected by the illness
but shows no signs of the disease. These infections can also be spread
with the use of IV drug needles and during childbirth and breastfeeding.
The most common sexually transmitted diseases or infections are syphilis,
gonorrhea, genital herpes, warts and chlamydia. Syphilis is caused by the
bacterium Treponemapallidium and it manifest through ulcers or chancres.
These chancres appear at the area where the syphilis bacteria entered or
had contact with. This is highly infectious and if left untreated can lead
to a more serious second stage. However, this can be treated with
intramuscular penicillin injections or antibiotic pills.
Gonorrhea, caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrheoae effects both men
as well as women. Symptoms of this infection are irritation during
discharge from the anus, pain or burning sensation while urinating and
change in discharge from the sexual organs. This disease or infection is
curable but, if left untreated, it can cause health problems including
pelvic inflammatory disease.
One of the common sexually transmitted diseases is genital herpes. This is
cause by the herpes simplex virus and has two types- HSV1 and HSV2. Many
people are familiar with cold sores on the lip which are herpex simplex
virus 1. The second type is acquired from having sexual contact and
affects the genital area. Unfortunately, there is no cure for the herpes
simplex virus, though it can be controlled by anti-viral medications.
Chlamydia, caused by the bacterium chlamydia trachomatis, can infect the
cervix, urethra and rectum of men and women. The symptoms are similar to
that of gonorrhea and the treatment for this is also antibiotics. It is
important to try to get background on anyone you consider intimate contact
with in order to avoid any contagious disease. If you notice a rash after
sexual contact make an appointment with your physician for further
Learn more about
Scabies Rash and other rash symptoms including
Herpes Rash symptoms.