The body contains between twelve to twenty mg of the
essential trace mineral manganese. This is found in concentrated form in
the bones, muscles, skin, pancreas, kidneys and the liver.
The primary function of this mineral is to maintain and develop healthy
bones. It furthermore plays a role in utilizing thiamine, which aids the
activation of enzymes that are needed to ensure the body uses vitamin C,
vitamin B1 and biotin in the correct way.
The thyroid is dependent on manganese as it is instrumental in forming
thyroxin, which is the main hormone of the thyroid. This mineral also
forms substances that fight infection in the body. It can help in managing
diabetes and is of value for people that have weak memory.
When one has a shortage of this mineral he or she may have noises in the
ears; muscle coordination may be poor; hair and nails will take longer to
grow; weight loss can be evident; diabetes and poor bone growth will also
For normal people the recommended daily dosage is five milligrams. People
who have abnormal movement (tardive dyskinesia) should supplement with
about thirty to sixty milligrams per day.
There have been cases of toxicity reported. This can be due to ingesting
large amounts of this mineral for a period of about four to five years.
Water that is contaminated with manganese such as battery water could be
the cause. Being exposed to, or inhaling ore dust can be another cause.
Parkinson’s Disease, rigidity of muscles, tremors, violence, dementia,
temporary insanity, sleep disturbance, erectile dysfunction, weakness,
depression, apathy and poor appetite could all be signs of manganese
Numerous foods supply this, such as egg yolk, tea, coffee, nuts,
unpolished whole grains, beans, vegetables and green leafy vegetables.
Because manganese is critical to biochemical reactions that affect supply
of energy, brain function and the cartilage and bones, there is often a
shortage of this in the body. For the brain to function effectively and
mental capability to be preserved, there must be a balance of manganese in
the body. It is necessary for a variety of enzyme reactions and for
metabolizing the bones in the body.
Lecithin and manganese are often found together. Lecithin is a brain and
nerve fat. Manganese strengthens the nerves. This enables people to
coordinate their thoughts and assists in faster recuperation.
Schizophrenia sufferers are able to benefit from supplementation of this
mineral. It forms an integral part of the brain and is utilized whenever
one's mental faculties are working.
Manganese forms part of the molecule known as mucopolysaccharides.
Collagen is formed with these molecules. Collagen is the connective tissue
that builds tissues throughout the body. These are fibrous and strong.
This included cartilage, which is the rubber like cushioning where bones
join and the bones themselves. Bone hardening minerals such as magnesium
and calcium are deposited in the framework known as collagen.
The blood stream is also home to this mineral. It metabolizes much the
same way that iron metabolizes. It transports oxygen from the lungs to the
cells. Unlike iron though, it is not hermitic.
It is also involved in the correct development of the structure of the ear
bones. These bones are notoriously fragile. While it is only present in
minute amounts in the body, it is vital for good bodily health. If there
is a shortage then it needs to be replaced. This shortage in human beings
is highlighted by the fact, corporate America spends twenty billion
dollars annually for staff members to have carpel tunnel syndrome treated.
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